12 American Beech Tree Seeds-Amazing tree that holds its leaves all winter, beautiful copper colored and long lasting. Very easy to grow!

12 American Beech Tree Seeds-Amazing tree that holds its leaves all winter, beautiful copper colored and long lasting. Very easy to grow!

Regular price
$6.49
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$6.49

12 American Beech Tree Seeds
Fagus grandifolia
Colonial Beech, Canadian Beech, Book Beech Tree
Description: Large tree with rounded crown of many long, spreading and horizontal branches, producing edible beechnuts.
Height: 60 to 80 feet (18 to 24 meters).
Diameter: 1 to 2 1/2 inch (0.3 to 0.8 meters).
Leaves: Spreading in 2 rows; 2 1/2 to 5 inches (6 to 13 centimeters) long, 1 to 3 inches (2.5 to 7.5 centimeters) wide. Elliptical or ovate, long to pointed at tip; with many straight parallel slightly sunken side veins and coarsely saw to toothed edges; short to stalked. Dull dark blue to green above, light green beneath, becoming hairless or nearly so; turning yellow and brown in fall.
Bark: Light gray; smooth, thin.
Twigs: Slender, ending in long narrow scaly buds, with short side twigs or spurs.
Flowers: With new leaves in spring. Male flowers small, yellowish with many stamens, crowded in ball 3/4 to 1 inch (2 to 2.5 centimeters) in diameter, hanging on slender hairy stalk to 2 inches (5 centimeters). Female flowers about 1/4 inch (6 millimeters) long, bordered by narrow hairy reddish scales, 2 at end of short stalk.
Fruit: 1/2 to 3/4 inch (12 to 19 millimeters) long; short to stalked light brown prickly burs; maturing in autumn and splitting into 4 parts. Usually 2 nuts, about 5/8 inch (15 millimeters) long, 3 to angled, shiny brown, known as beechnuts.
Habitat: Moist rich soils of uplands and well to drained lowlands; often in pure stands.
Range: S. Ontario, east to Cape Breton Island, south to N. Florida, west to E. Texas and north to N. Michigan; a variety in mountains of NE. Mexico; to 3000 feet (914 meters) in north and to 6000 feet (1829 meters) in southern Appalachians.
Soil: Beech is found generally within two principal soil groups: the gray-brown podzolic and the laterite and is prevalent on podzols; it is seldom found on limestone soils except at the western edge of its range. Soils of loamy texture and those with high humus content are more favorable than lighter soils. The largest trees are found in the alluvial bottom lands of the Ohio and the lower Mississippi River valleys, and along the western slopes of the southern Appalachian Mountains.
Discussion: American Beech was recognized by the colonists, who already knew the famous, closely related European Beech. American Beech is a handsome shade tree and bears similar edible beechnuts, which are consumed in quantities by wildlife, especially squirrels, raccoons, bears, other mammals, and game birds. Unlike most trees, beeches retain smooth bark in age. The trunks are favorites for carving and preserve initials and dates indefinitely.
Of all our deciduous trees, the American beech has the most easily recognizable bark: it is pale gray and smooth. The dried leaves sometimes remain on the branches of young trees all winter. Since bears like to eat beech seeds, called beechnuts, claw marks can sometimes be seen on a trunk where a bear has climbed to the top of the tree.
Beeches grow in rich, well-drained soil on bottomlands and slopes. This tree sometimes forms pure stands, but is generally associated with sugar maple, yellow birch and hemlock.
The color of its wood goes from white to reddish brown. Numerous rays give it a mottled appearance. It is heavy, hard and very strong. It is used to manufacture flooring and furniture, as well as handles for tools and kitchen utensils.
The mast (crop of nuts) from American Beech provides food for numerous species of animals. Among vertebrates alone, these include ruffed grouse, wild turkeys, raccoons, red/gray foxes, white tail deer, rabbits, squirrels, opossums, pheasants, black bears, and porcupines. For lepidopteran caterpillars feeding on American Beech, see List of Lepidoptera that feed on Beeches. Beech nuts were one of the primary foods of the now-extinct passenger pigeon, and the clearing of beech and oak forests are pointed to as one of the major factors that may have contributed to the bird's extinction.
Connections: Legends, both fanciful and true, have been inscribed in the beech's smooth bark. American adventurer Daniel Boone carved in a tree in Tennessee: "D. Boone Cilled [Sp] A Bar [Sp] On Tree In Year 1760."
"I frequently tramped eight or ten miles though the deepest snow to keep an appointment with a beech-tree." -Henry David Thoreau, 1817-1862

Materials: 12 American Beech Tree Seeds