Organic Yellow Birch Seeds - Large, Aromatic Tree with Broad, Rounded Crown of Drooping Branches

Organic Yellow Birch Seeds - Large, Aromatic Tree with Broad, Rounded Crown of Drooping Branches

Regular price
$6.99
Sale price
$6.99

Yellow Birch
Betula alleghaniensis
Light Birch, Virginia Birch, Carolinas Birch, Parchment Birch, River Birch, Mint Birch

Description: Large, aromatic tree with broad, rounded crown of drooping branches and slight odor of wintergreen in crushed twigs and foliage.
Height: 70-100' (21-30 m).
Diameter: 2 1/2' (0.8 m).
USDA Zone: 3a – 9b
Leaves: 3-5" (7.5-13 cm) long, 1 1/2-2" (4-5 cm) wide. Elliptical, short-pointed or rounded at base; sharply and doubly saw-toothed; mostly with 9-11 veins on each side; hairy when young. Dark dull green above, light yellow-green beneath; turning bright yellow in autumn.
Bark: Shiny yellowish or silvery-gray; separating into papery curly strips; becoming reddish-brown and fissured into scaly plates.
Twigs: Greenish-brown, slender, hairy.
Flowers: Tiny; in early spring. Male yellowish, with 2 stamens, many in long drooping catkins near tip of twigs. Female greenish, in short upright catkins back of tip of same twig.
Cones: 3/4-1 1/4" (2-3 cm) long; oblong; hairy; brownish; upright; nearly stalkless; with many hairy scales and 2-winged nutlets; maturing in autumn.
Habitat: Cool moist uplands including mountain ravines; with hardwoods and conifers.
Range: Extreme SE. Manitoba east to S. Newfoundland, south to extreme NE. Georgia, and west to NE. Iowa; to 2500' (762 m) in north and 3000-6000' (914-1829 m) or higher in south.
Discussion: One of the most valuable birches and one of the largest hardwoods in northeastern North America. Yellow Birch when fairly mature is easily recognized by its distinctive bark. Young specimens, which may be mistaken for Sweet Birch, are most readily identified by their hairy twigs and buds and most persistently hairy leaves with mostly unbranched side veins. A native, deciduous tree, Yellow Birch grows from 60 to 75 feet tall and up to 2 feet in diameter. It is one of the hardiest of all the broad-leaved trees. An ancient species that dates back to the Ice Age, it is found as far south as the Carolinas, however it thrives in cold northern climates. The lustrous, smooth, silvery-yellow bark on the limbs and young trunks gives the tree its name. As the trunk grows larger, the bark breaks and rolls back in thin paper curls. The twigs have a faint wintergreen scent like that of the black birch, with which this tree may be confused. However, the wintergreen scent of black birch twigs is very strong. The tree produces a light yellow sapwood, and a reddish-brown heartwood with distinct darker-colored growth rings. A moderate to fast growing birch that prefers moist garden soil and some protection. You must be prepared to water, because it does not tolerate drought (4 weeks of no rain). This birch is the most shade-tolerant of its family, needing only a few hours of sunlight. Yellow Birch should be planted in an area of the yard that is readily accessible so you can break off a twig. The broken twigs smell and taste like wintergreen.

Materials: Organic Yellow Birch Seeds